Skip to main content

Examine your testicles

All men should regularly feel both their testicles. If there is a change to the structure of your testicles, you should see your doctor. The change could be a sign of testicular cancer.

A testicle is small in size, about as big as a hen’s egg. A man’s two testicles, together with the prostate gland and seminal vesicles, produce semen. The testicles also produce the male sex hormone testosterone. In addition to the testicles, the scrotum contains a tubular structure, the epididymis, in which semen collects.

“Treatment outcomes for testicular cancer are extremely good.”

Testicular cancer is rare but it is still the most common cancer among men under 35 years of age. Testicular cancer is very rare among men over the age of 45.  Treatment outcomes for testicular cancer are extremely good. Testicular cancer detected in its early stages can be cured.

How to check your testicles

  • Examine both testicles alternately with each hand
  • Hold your testicle between your thumb and other fingers and rotate it in your hand.
  • Check for any possible lumps or changes on the surface of each testicle.

Pay attention to any possible nodules or changes in the surface of the testicle.

The initial symptoms of testicular cancer are usually a lump in the testicle, the increase in yje size of the other testicle, a change in the firmness of a testicle, or  pain.

If you suspect you might have testicular cancer, see your doctor. The main examination in a suspected case of testicular cancer includes feeling the testicles, starting with the normal testicle. A normal testicle has an even surface and moves, and you can clearly distinguish the epididymis. A testicular tumor is usually a hard or rubbery lump within the testicle.